Ilham Aliyev continues to travel around the occupied territories of the Republic of Artsakh and push jingoistic and at the same time hateful speeches, either directly or covertly voicing threats against the two Armenian states.
Set statements are monotonous, primitive and limited: “The Armenians have destroyed everything, we must not forget about this cruelty, the strengthening of our army will be a response to the revanchist forces that have risen in Armenia.” All this serves as a threatening backdrop for the statement about Azerbaijan’s alleged readiness to sign the so-called. peace agreement “on the basis of international norms of law and principles with the condition of mutual recognition of the territorial integrity of countries.”
Aliyev’s hints are extremely clear – if you recognize Artsakh as part of Azerbaijan, then Baku will sign a peace treaty. No – blame yourself, let’s go to war again.
It is pointless to explain to the Absheron Sultan that Artsakh has nothing to do with the so-called territorial integrity of Azerbaijan. Since the day of illegal appearance in 1918. on the geopolitical map of the world of state formation called “Azerbaijan”, official Baku is intensively falsifying historical facts, inventing various myths about the origin of the Azerbaijani people, Azerbaijaniizing the culture of the autochthonous peoples of the republic, appropriates the cultural and historical heritage of the Armenian people.
All this in order to prove the belonging of the territories included within Az. SSR, the current Azerbaijan Republic. This is despite the fact that the current Republic of Azerbaijan declared itself the legal successor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, declaring invalid from the moment of signing the Treaty on the Formation of the USSR of December 30, 1922 in the part related to Azerbaijan.
In his numerous articles on this topic, Professor Alexander Manasyan notes: ADR was founded in 1918. Turkish troops. An act of self-determination or an independence referendum was out of the question. The ADR left history without established or recognized boundaries.
Az. SSR in 1920 was established by the XI Red Army. There was no talk of an act of self-determination and a referendum on independence. Az borders. The SSR, which appeared as a result of the forcible transfer of Nakhijevan under its protection and the annexation of Nagorno-Karabakh, cannot be considered legitimate.
The current Republic of Azerbaijan in 1991 also failed by an act of self-determination. The European Union summed up the results of the Almaty Agreement on December 23, 1991, considering its political decision on the recognition of new post-Soviet states within the union republics taken by both the EU itself and the participants in the Almaty Agreement, and recognized the AR within the borders of Az. The SSR, despite the fact that there was no act of self-determination expressed through a referendum on independence.
The EU simply attributed illegitimate borders to Az. SSR Azerbaijan Republic. The only “referendum” on independence in the AR was held after the fact, on December 29, 1991, when it was already recognized by the EU within the illegitimate borders of the former Az. SSR. Such a post-referendum could not serve as a source of legitimacy for the borders of the AR, especially since the people who declared the independence of the NKR did not participate in this “referendum” on independence.
Moreover, the recognition of the AR within the borders of Az. The SSR, with its territories not legally belonging to it, actually became an encouragement for its genocidal behavior, deepening Baku’s confidence in impunity for the atrocities committed.
But, alas, as a rule, legal grounds are sacrificed to Her Majesty’s geopolitics and geo-economic interests of world powers. To please them, the facts that Nagorno-Karabakh withdrew from the Az.SSR in full accordance with the laws in force in 1991 were ignored. international norms, the Constitution and legislation of the USSR.
After the statement of Azerbaijan on August 30, 1991. on secession from the Union, the joint session of the Nagorno-Karabakh regional and Shahumyan district Councils of People’s Deputies with the participation of deputies of the Councils of all levels on September 2, 1991. adopted a declaration on the proclamation of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic in accordance with the USSR law “On the procedure for resolving issues related to the secession of the union republic from the USSR.”
In accordance with the requirements of international law and the legislation of the USSR December 10, 1991. in the presence of international observers, a referendum on the independence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic was held. Despite the fact that all conditions were created for the participation of the Azerbaijani minority of the NKR in the referendum, almost all Azerbaijanis, at the call of the Azerbaijani authorities, boycotted the referendum. Nevertheless, the turnout was 82.2% of the number of registered voters, of which 99.89% voted “FOR” the independent status of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
It was also ignored that, unlike the NKR, the Azerbaijani authorities acted contrary to all international laws, their obligations, agreements and agreements, organizing Armenian pogroms, ethnic cleansing, carrying out military aggression against Artsakh and Armenia.
To this day, the Absheron sultan, allegedly advocating the application of international law, violates them himself, giving orders to the Azerbaijani Armed Forces to shell and kill the civilian population of Artsakh, destroy the Armenian cultural and historical heritage in Artsakh, as well as invade the sovereign territory of Armenia and terrorize the population living there, steal their livestock, prevent them from pastures, carry out sabotage provocations and sorties, capture Armenian military personnel, hold Armenian prisoners of war and civilians, applying inhuman treatment to them.
On February 13, the Armenian people marked the 34th anniversary of the beginning of the Karabakh movement – the nationwide national liberation struggle for the liberation of Artsakh from the Azerbaijani yoke, reunification with mother Armenia, for the independence of Armenia. February 20, 1988 extraordinary session of the Council of People’s Deputies of the NKAO of the XXth convocation decided to appeal to the Supreme Soviets of the Azerbaijan SSR and the Armenian SSR “to show a sense of deep understanding of the aspirations of the Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh and resolve the issue of transferring the NKAO from the Azerbaijan SSR to the Armenian SSR, at the same time petition the Supreme Council of the Union on a positive decision on the issue of transferring the NKAR from the Azerbaijan SSR to the Armenian SSR.
Azerbaijan responded to the peaceful democratic will of the Armenians of Artsakh with pogroms and ethnic cleansing in Karabakh, Shaumyan, Getashen, Sumgayit, Baku, Kirovabad and other settlements throughout the territory of the Az.SSR. During these 34 years, Artsakh and Armenia were subjected to military aggression three times.
Both then and today, Azerbaijan is trying to intimidate the population of Artsakh by violent actions with the use of weapons and force them to refuse to raise the issue of exercising their rights. And no one, no international, rejects the right of Artsakh to self-determination.
The leadership of the Republic of Artsakh, advocating a peaceful settlement of the Azerbaijani-Karabakh conflict, is determined to continue the struggle for the international recognition of the country and the return of those occupied by Azerbaijan during the military aggression in the fall of 2020. territories. “The issue of the de-occupation of Shusha and Hadrut, as well as the issue of Shaumyan, Getashen, parts of the Martuni region occupied by Azerbaijan earlier, is always on the agenda. We believe that this will happen sooner or later. But it is necessary to work. I can say one thing – we will never give up our land,” Artsakh Foreign Minister David Babayan emphasized during a recent visit to Yerevan.